After becoming acquainted with the basic search mode, it is possible to undertake customised searches.
- complete word. The search-string should correspond to a whole word
- initial string. The search-string should correspond to the beginning of a word
- final string. The search-string should correspond to the end of a word
- component. The search-string may occur anywhere within a word
A choice can be made here. In the absence of a choice, the search comprises all classes.
Gramm. specif. (grammatical specification)
A more detailed specification can be selected here, e.g.
masculine or feminine for nouns (but only after a choice of word class). If no
choice is made, all categories are searched.
To avoid encoding problems the following character substitutions should be used in the field marked "Search string":
- write d for 'ð', e.g. bad for 'bað'
- write t+h (3 characters: t, the plus sign, and h) for 'þ', e.g. t+hol for 'þol'
- write all vowels without an acute accent (for ǽ, ø/ǿ, ǫ, see the following)
- write a+e for 'ǽ', e.g sa+ell for 'sǽll'
- write o+e for 'ø' and 'ǿ', e.g. bo+eli for 'bǿli'
- write o+o for 'ǫ', e.g. o+orn for 'ǫrn' (i.e. o + ogonek)
Wild card characters
A wildcard character can be used as a substitute for any other character or characters in a string.
Wild card characters make broad searches possible. ONP's search system allows for
_ (underscore) which can be used to represent any single character
% (procent sign) which can be used to represent a string of characters of any length.
Use of wild card characters
- Wild card characters can only be used in the following search modes:
"initial string", "final string", "component"; they cannot be used in "complete word"-mode.
- _ represents one random character; keying in t+hr_ng in "initial string" mode initiates a search for all occurrences of 'þ' followed by 'r' followed by one random character followed by 'ng'
and whatever comes thereafter; the search produces amongst other results þryngva, þrøngva, þrǫng.
- % represents a string of characters of any length;keying in "o%lik" in "initial string" mode initiates a search for all
occurrences of 'o/ó', followed by a random number of characters, followed by 'lik/lík', thus the search produces 'óskapglíkr' alongside óglíkendi, óglíkliga, and óglíkligr.
To effect the search, click on the “Find” box. The results are displayed in a list.
Hits: for these, there are the following specifications:
- the word itself, in bold type if it belongs to ONP's corpus
- word class and possible grammatical specification
- the number of citations in ONP's archive
On completing the search, access the dictionary materials as described under Wordlist (basic).
Click here to start an advanced wordlist search Wordlist (advanced)